This and that + genders


Just like in English, in Kalix we distinguish between this and that, here and there, some examples:


hɛhɛn ʝæɾ ɪ bɒʊɭ

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.


(dɛ hæɾ) bɒʊɭɛ ʝæɾ hɪn

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.


hɛ ʝæɾ hɪn

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.






hɛdɛn ʝæɾ ɪ bɒʊɭ

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.


(dɛ dæɾ) bɒʊɭɛ ʝæɾ dɪn

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.

The table ends with an 'ɛ'...

(hɛ ʝæɾ dɪn) dɪna ʝæɾ ɛ

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.

...and is referred to as 'hɛ' or just 'ɛ' (which means 'it').


Genders

In Kalix we separate between three noun genders, here represented by the table, which is a neuter, the hat, which is a masculine, and the hand, which is a feminine. Genders were present in Anglo-Saxon and Old English language, but as such complexity was too hard to learn for people on the British island, everyone finally just said 'the' all over the place, which later became standardized as modern English. In Kalix though, we don't like to simplify things, and make sure everyone learns to differ between our three noun genders.


hɛhɛn ʝæɾ ɪn hat:

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.


hɛ ʝæɾ ɪn hat:

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.

Masculine nouns must be 'ɪn' X...

hɒn ʝæɾ hɪn

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.

and are referred to as 'hɒn' (which means 'he').



hɛhɛn ʝæɾ ɪ hɑ:t

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.


hœ ʝæɾ hɪn

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.

Feminine nouns are referred to as 'hœ' (which means 'she').


A hand is feminine, a thumb is masculine, and a finger is neuter.


hɛhɛn ʝæɾ tɒʊmbɛn

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.

Masculines end with 'n'...

hɛhɛn ʝæɾ fɛɪŋɾa

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.

and neuters, again, with 'ɛ', but in plural with 'a'.

tɒʊmbɛn, pe:kfɛɪŋɾɛ, lɑ:kfɛɪŋɾɛ, rɛɪŋfɛɪŋɾɛ, lɪlfɛɪŋɾɛ...

You are missing some Flash content that should appear here! Perhaps your browser cannot display it, or maybe it did not initialize correctly.

The five fingers...